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Swami Dayanand Sarawati's
An introduction to the Vedas
Translated by Ghasi Ram, M.A. LL.B
Sandhya (Prayer)
Homa (Agnihotra)
    To understand the true meaning of this book you must apply the
    The four subsidiary means of reasoning:

  1. Listening or reading most attentively with a calm mind to the lectures of a learned man, and more so if the subjects are a divine Science, because it is the most abstruse and the subtlest of all the sciences.
  2. Thinking over what one has heard or read in retirement, and in removing doubts if there be any by questioning the speaker. Questions may sometimes be asked even in the middle of a discourse if the speaker and the audience think proper.
  3. Rationalizing is the next step. When all doubts are cleared after hearing or reading a discourse and thinking over it, let the enquirer enter into a higher condition (see the preliminary stages of yoga) where the mind alternates between the correct knowledge and wrong knowledge whether it is the same as he had heard and reasoned out or not.
  4. Self-realization is the highest condition achieved through intense and continued or uninterrupted effort in study and practiced which results in the correct knowledge of the nature, properties and characteristics of the desired object.

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"Knowledge alone is the inexhaustible treasure; the more you spend it, the more it grows. All other treasures run out by spending, the claimants inherit their shares as well. Thieves cannot steal this treasure, nor, can anyone inherit it." Swami Dayanand

Publisher's Note

Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati accepted the Vedas as his rock of firm foundation. According to him, all the sciences meant for the good of mankind flow from the fountainhead of the Vedas since the creation of the universe. When God created man, he revealed the Vedas for his guidance. The Vedas, as such radiated the light illuminated the world by teaching those universal and eternal truths and principles that help mankind to realize the nature and the co-relation of God with soul and the creation.

Indeed, the Vedas are the first source of knowledge ever come to mankind. In the absence of this first torch light of knowledge, no human efforts were to come up. The Theory of Evolution, the Darwinism as it is called, has no answer to many riddles, which the post-Darwin period has posed before the scientists. The various branches of knowledge and science were just the off shoots sprung from the first nucleus named as the Vedas. The Maharishi thus re-discovered the radical theory in his life time about which the ancient sages or code-giver Manu said, "all knowledge flows from the Vedas.

During the last some thousand years, the Vedas were treated just as Pandora's Box, and wither they were treated as the Code of Rituals or Songs of the Shepherds. The veterans like Adi Shankar and exponents of six branches of philosophy were nowhere seen at the precincts of the Vedas. The Big Three or Small Three, was the last word to such scholars. Swami Dayanand strongly repudiated the line and brought the old theme in the light through a revigorated and logical manner.

He brought the Divine Light for the entire mankind on the authority of the Vedas. (Yajur 26:2), and to accomplish it, he undertook the stupendous task of translating the Vedic Gospel in the peoples language - Hindi, but at the same time providing the support form the authentic sources of knowledge like the Nighantu and Nirukta. A new orientation was thus established for the commentary of the Holy Vedas by Dayanand Saraswati prior to undertaking the job.
Professor Max Muller says:-
"In the history of the world, the Vedas fill a gap which no literary work in any other language could fill."

Guigualt says:-
"The Rig Veda is the most sublime conception of the great highways of humanity."

Mons Leon Delbos says:-
"There is a no monument of Greece or Rome more previous than the Rig Veda.

When the Yajur Veda was presented to Voltaire, he expressed his belief that
the Veda was the most precious gift for which the West had ever been indebted to the East."

The present book is an introduction to commentary of the Vedas, which bears more testimony and evidence of the Vedas, Divinity and usefulness for the human kind, in the past, present and even in the future. It is a master-work and undoubtedly the lighthouse for those engages in the Vedic scenero.
Ramgopal Shalwale
Sarvadeshik Arya Pratinidhi Sabha
Dayanand Bhavan
New Delhi -110002.

"The ancient civilization did possess secrets of science, some of which modern knowledge has recovered, extended and made rich and precise, but others are even now not recovered. There is then nothing fantastic in Dayanand's idea that the Veda contains truth of science as well as truth of religion. I will even add my own conviction that the Veda contains other truths of science, the modern world does not all possess, and in that case Dayanand has rather understated than overstated the depth and range of the Vedic wisdom.
In the matter of Vedic interpretation, I am convinced that whatever may be the final complete interpretation, Dayanand will be honoured as the first discoverer of the right clues." Sriyut Aurovinda Ghosh
"The man who resolves, to stick to the truth at all costs, steadily rises in virtues. When his virtues raise his reputation and prestige, he becomes all the more a devotee of truth. This devotion to truth becomes an unerring source of power and greatness." Swami Dayanand