INGRAINING THE PROPER REASONING HABITS THROUGH CRITICAL THINKING
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Frequently asked Questions
"When the time of destruction is at hand the intellect becomes perverted." Vridha Chan. 16:17.
We are born into a religion, and as children are bound by it. Such situations are inevitable. Our different conditions and inclinations are the results in our past actions of previous births. But as students entering the realms of academic eons we must become more prudent and inquisitive in our quest for the truth. Not that what we were taught maybe false, but is it true?"
"The soul that denies the existence of the Supreme Being or believes Him to be limited to some particular time or place, or conducts itself against the will, nature, character and attributes of God or bears malice to another, becomes subject to fear." Light of Truth.
All theories or facts, theological or scientific, must conform with NATURAL LAWS
CONTENTS OF PAGE
THE SOUL
Can souls remember their actions in previous births?
Are souls in the bodies of humans and animals of the same nature or are they different?
Do souls of humans go into that of animals, male to female and vice versa?
Are sins forgiven?
Is the human soul free to do whatever it wants to and is it responsible for the actions of the individual?
Was the soul created?
What are God and the soul in essence? What are their nature, attributes and actions?
Are souls in the bodies of human and animals of the same nature or different?

GOD
If there is God, how do you prove His Existence?
Is God in one place or is He All-pervading?
Is God Just and Merciful?
Does God possess desire?
Has God a form?
Is God All-powerful or not?
Why should we worship God?

VEDAS
What are the Vedas?
Why were the Vedas revealed?
When, where and to whom were they revealed?
What was the language of revelation?
What proves them divine revelation?
What are prayers and who answers them?
Laws and Punishment - Manu
Briefly, the whole truth of our existence

Can souls remember their actions in previous births?
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Souls are finite in knowledge and power and cannot therefore be the seer of the three periods of time, the past, the present and the future. We cannot remember anything from birth to the age of five, how can we remember the previous birth. God’s mercy and compassion comes into action, for if we were to remember our previous births there would be no happiness.

We would always be in pain and constantly suffer mental anguish brooding over the terrible sufferings and sorrows of the past lives especially if we were rats. No one can ever know what happened in his past lives even if he were to try to do so; because the power and the knowledge of the soul are limited. How can the punishment, inflicted on the soul, reform it when it cannot remember the past? Different people were born and brought up under different conditions in this world such as affluence and poverty, happiness and misery, talent and idiocy.

These conditions are the reason to infer the previous existence of the life of a soul. If there was no pre-existence of the souls then how could it be consistent with God’s divine justice to bless some with riches, power and talent, while others are afflicted with poverty, suffering and idiocy. If as adults we suffer because of sin, then a child, too young to sin, should never suffer.

A doctor can find the cause of a disease because he studied medical science. But even the patient knows this much, that he must have violated some laws of nature to bring on the disease. God always desires justice and acts justly. He would not be God to act unjustly. We do not necessarily have to come into direct contact with pain to apply preventive method the next time around. The pain and miseries of other souls can bring us such deterrence.

Are souls in the bodies of humans and animals of the same nature or are they different?
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They are all of the same nature, but are pure or impure accordingly, as they are virtuous or sinful. Virtue and sin are finite as each is acquired and thus happiness (heaven) and suffering (hell) are also finite.
Do souls of humans go into that of animals, male to female and vice versa?
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Certainly! When sin predominates over virtue in a human, his soul goes into the bodies of animals and suffer the consequences of its sin, till they are equalized and then invested as humans again. When virtue predominates over sin in soul , it is born as a good and learned person. The soul is born as an ordinary man when sin and virtue are equal. The three different grades of sin and virtue, superior, medium and inferior, create three different classes of individuals also as in bodies, strength, mental capacities, talents, etc.
Are sins forgiven?
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A. ~ No; His injunctions of justice would be obliterated, and all mankind would become most iniquitous. This way, they will be encouraged to commit sins for there will be no fear of punishment, knowing that their sins will be forgiven by only confessing. For example, if governments should often pardon criminals, it would be seen as an encouragement to commit greater crimes and even those who are not criminals will begin to commit crimes since there is no deterrence by fear of punishment.

Therefore, to comply with His Laws of Nature, God has to award souls the just fruits (happiness or suffering) of their actions (good or bad). When sin predominates over virtue in a man, his soul goes into the bodies of animals, birds, insects and trees but when virtue predominates over sin in a soul, it is born as a good and learned person. When sin and virtue are equal, the soul is born as an ordinary man.

Sins are not forgiven, but present activity of acquiring true knowledge and putting it into practice (yoga), is the only power to cancel them. Activity is superior to destiny (the past).
"The misery which is not yet come can and is to be avoided." Yoga 2:16

Is the human soul free to do whatever it wants to and is it responsible for the actions of the individual?
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A. ~ It has the freedom to act in whatever way it chooses but it is subjected to the laws of God in the matter of reaping the fruits of its actions. It has the physical body, the vital forces, the senses and the mind subordinate to his will. Soldiers acting under orders from their commanding officers are not held guilty of murder in killing many in battle. Like wise if God were to influence the course of human conduct , the human souls will not be held responsible.

The soul is free to act according to its capacity, but once it has committed a sinful act, it becomes subjected to the operation of the laws of God. The soul is free in the performance of its deeds, but it has to submit to Divine laws in the matter of suffering pain and misery for its sins.

Was the soul created?
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A.~ The soul was never created. It is beginningless like God, the Efficient cause and matter, the material cause of the Universe. The body and bodily organs were made by God, but they are all under the control of the soul. When an act is perform good or bad the soul and not God reaps the fruits, not only in this birth but future births also. As always it is logical to point out that the “purpose” has to exist before something is made.

The sole purpose of creation is for souls to take birth so that they can reap the fruits of their actions. Thus it is the only reason for God to create the Universe. If all souls were created, then they all, within logics, should be innocent and pure and all should have been born in happiness, but it is not so. Then again, since all things created must perish, then the souls will have to die.

What are God and the soul in essence? What are their nature, attributes and actions?
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A. ~ In essence they are both conscious entities. By nature both are pure, immortal and virtuous etc., but the creation of the universe, its sustenance and dissolution into elementary form, and its control, the awarding of the fruits of their deeds, good and evil, to souls are the righteous actions of God; whilst the reproduction and rearing of children, the distribution of knowledge and arts, are acts of the soul which may be virtuous or sinful. Eternal knowledge, Eternal Bliss and Omnipotence and truth, are all attributes of God.

The attributes of souls are the desire for the acquisition of things. Repulsion, activity, feelings of pleasure, feelings of pain, sorrow, displeasure; consciousness, inspiration, and expiration, necessitation ~ the opening and closing of the eyes, organic growth, discernment, memory and individuality, movement, regulation of the senses, internal changes and disorders, such as hunger and thirst, joy or sorrow, are the attributes of the soul which distinguish it from God.

The existence of the soul is known only by these attributes, as it is not material nor perceptible by the senses. These attributes manifest themselves only so long as the soul is present in the body, but cease to do so as soon as the soul leaves it.

Those qualities that manifest themselves in the presence of a substance and cease to do so in its absence belong to that substance alone; as for example, light is the property of the sun and of the lamp, because it is absent in their absence and present in their presence. In the same way God and the soul are known by their attributes. God is one, souls are many. God is infinite, the souls are infinite. God is the source of knowledge and bliss.

The souls depend on God for their knowledge and bliss. God is the maker of this universe for the sake of the souls, who come to this bondage on account of their shortcomings or ignorance. God does not assume corporeal bodies; He does not need the aid of physical organs, like eyes and hands for seeing and doing; the souls function with the aid of these organs through the cycle of birth and death. Reincarnation is for the souls and not for God.

Are souls in the bodies of human and animals of the same nature or different?
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A. ~ They are all of the same nature, but are pure or impure according as they are virtuous or sinful. There is also no more sinning or virtue gained unless embodied in an beings, and only under certain conditions. The separation of the soul from the body is called death, and its union with the body is called birth. When the soul leaves the body it lives in the atmosphere.

Thereafter God, the Great Judge embodies that soul according to the nature of its deeds done in the previous life. Guided by God it enters the body of some living creature with air, water, food, drink or through anyone of the openings of the body. All men naturally desire to obtain happiness and escape from pain and misery. But as long as they do not practice righteousness and renounce sin, they cannot obtain happiness and be freed from pain and suffering; because the effect cannot perish as long as the cause exists.

GOD
If there is God, how do you prove His Existence?
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A.~ By the evidences of direct cognition, Inference, Testimony and History.
Direct cognition, which is the Knowledge (must be free from error and doubt), that is of the result of the direct contact of the five senses; optic (seeing), auditory (hearing), olfactory (smelling), gustatory (tasty) and tactile (touch) and of the mind, with light, sound, smell, taste and touch, with feelings of pleasure and pain, truth and untruth. It is clearly a fact that only the Attributes can be known through the senses and the mind, not substances which we are cognizant of, when it gives rise to the sensations of touch, smell, taste, etc., by coming in contact with our four senses, such as the tactile sense, and the senses with the mind, and the latter with the soul.

Similarly we are cognizant of the existence of God by observing such qualities as law, order, design and intelligence in this world. Further when the soul instantly focuses the mind and the latter directs, the senses to the pursuit of a certain object either good ~ the feeling of fearlessness, courage, and satisfaction is experienced or bad ~ the feelings of fear, shame, and distrust arise in the self consciousness, these feelings come about, not by the human soul, but by the Divine Spirit. Again when the human soul is free of all impurities and devotes itself to the contemplation and realization of God, through the practice of Yoga, it becomes conscious of itself and the Divine Spirit.

All the seers and sages (altruistic teachers) of yore have proven His existence this way and through history and their testimony how can we deny the existence of the All-Pervading God? Again if you are admiring a painting, you perceive the artist, if you are reading a book, you perceive the author. Similarly how can you look at this incredible and majestic creation and not perceive the Supreme Artist (Creator)?

Is God in one place or is He All-pervading?
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A. ~ God is the subtlest of all conditions only He can pervade everything. If he was at one place at a time, He could never be Omnipresent, Omniscient, Inward Regular of all, Universal Controller, Creator of all and the Cause of resolution of all things into their elements, as it is impossible for the doer to do anything in a place where he is not. Being omnipresent He is here, there and everywhere and this attribute invalidates the necessity of having angels and Holy Ghost or any other characters to do his work.
Is God just and merciful?
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A. ~ Concluding from our present judicial system these two attributes may seem to oppose each other since Justice consists in giving a person the equitable amount of pleasure or pain ~ neither more nor less ~ according to the nature of his deeds, while Mercy consists in letting the offender go unpunished or with a light sentence. The two attributes of God, differ in a name only; the object served by justice is the same as accomplished by mercy.

Certainly the idea of inflicting punishment, through justice, is to prevent people from committing crimes, that would enable them to be free from pain and misery, later on in life or next birth (reincarnation), which is quite the object of the Merciful. When the punishment does not fit the crime, there can be no Mercy for the innocent, as the criminal is allowed in society again to give pains and suffering to many righteous and law-abiding people.

It will be an act of Mercy to keep an ominous offender in prison or put him to death and at the same time Justice would have abounded. By the same method of reasoning it will be unjust of God to forgive sins no matter how puny or capacious it might be. To condemn me with Hitler (Germany) and Pol Pot (Cambodia) who have committed mass atrocities, to hell for all eternity, for which my only malfeasance is not accepting Christianity or Islam, as my faith is gravely an injustice. Such injustices can never be from a just God.

Does God posess desire?
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A. No, you only desire to obtain a thing which you do not already possess, which is of a superior quality and is productive of pleasure. Now there is nothing that God does not possess or is superior to Him, and being All-Bliss He can also have no desire for further happiness.
Has God a form?
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A.~ If He possesses a form, He could never be Omnipresent, nor, Omniscient, since a finite substance can possess only finite attributes, actions and nature. He will never be free from hunger and thirst, heat and cold, disease, imperfections and injuries. This proves that God is formless. Being without a body, He is able to make the visible universe out of invisible causes. Taking a form would also make him partial to a specific group of people, showing favor to one over the other, as He would have to come as a particular person in one racial group. It will be against one of his attributes of being impartial. Furthermore He is the Most High and Mightier than the Might, His laws are supreme and taking a form he will be subjected to the laws of man, as He will be in need of a passport and other travel documents to travel about. He is Wisdom and Purity and being embodied He will be exposed to ignorance and impurities.
Is God all-powerful or not?
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A. ~ Further, concluding from all the catastrophic phenomena facing modern civilization like floods, hurricanes and tornado, wars, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, environmental pollution, discrimination, etc., one might want to think that He is powerless to stop all these afflictions to mankind and we are totally nauseated and fill with compunction that by the occurrences of these appalling circumstances many innocent people are affected especially when children are the victims. But this is not the case, all of the above and more are considered to be the administration of His Divine Justice ~ we (souls) are only gleaning the fruits of our actions (good or bad) not only in this birth but previous ones too.

Also being All-powerful, God does not require the least assistance, Holy Ghost, Son or prophets, etc., in all His works such as Creation, Sustenance and Dissolution of the Universe. In other words, He does His works with His own infinite power. Many will say that because He is All-powerful, He can do anything or whatever He likes. This is not so, can He kill Himself? Can He make other Gods like Himself, become ignorant, commit sins? Or can He be unhappy? Or can He create the Universe from nothing? All these things will oppose His nature and attributes. His laws are immutable and cannot be changed even by Him.

Why should we worship God?
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There are three reasons of worshiping the Supreme:-
Glorificationgives rise to love of the Supreme Being, reformation of one’s nature, character and attributes in accordance with the nature, attributes and character of God. For instance as God is Just so must we. It is of two kinds; positive and negative.

Positive glorification consists in praising God as positive attributes in the following manner:- ”That Supreme Being overspreads all.He is entirely spirit, All-energy, all-powerful, Pure, Perfect, Omniscient, Inward Controller of all, Ruler of all, Eternal and self-existent. He has from all eternity been teaching uncreated immortal human souls, the true knowledge of things through the revelation of the Veda, His eternal knowledge.” Yajur Veda, XXXX:8)

Negative glorification consists in praising God as devoid of such ungodly qualities as passion and malice in the following way:- "He is never embodied, is never born, is never liable to division and is fee from nervous or arterial systems, never commits a sin, is never subject to pain, grief and ignorance and the like.” Yajur Veda, XXXX:8)

Prayercreates humility, courage, and obtains divine help after strenuous effort has been made. Prayer can also be positive or negative according as the Deity is looked upon as possessed of good attributes or as free from bad qualities, faults and imperfections. One should act in accordance with what one prays for. For instance if one prays for the attainment of highest wisdom, let one do one’s utmost to attain it. strenuous effort should be made by the individual always to attain whatever he or she is praying for. One should never pray to destroy one’s enemies, or any such negativity. He is the Great Judge and only His Justice will prevail.

Communion results in union with the Great Being and in direct cognition of Him which results in acquiring true knowledge by reasoning. All that is required in order to come close to God by the practice of Yoga (physical and mental discipline) and directly see the Omnipresent, Omniscient God should be accomplished. Communion requires a solitary, clean place to get comfortably seated and practice control of breath to restrain the senses from the pursuit of materialism, in fixing the mind to one of the following organs; the navel, the heart, the throat, eyes, the top of the head or the spine.

To discriminate between the human soul and the Divine Spirit one must get absorbed in contemplation of the latter and commune with God. When such practices are followed with regularity, the soul becomes pure and imbued with righteousness. His knowledge and wisdom advance day by day till he obtains salvation or emancipation. Even if such practice is conducted even for one hour a day, the soul will always continue to advance spiritually.

Communion is positive when God is contemplated as possessed of such attributes as Omniscience, and it is said to be negative when the human soul is deeply absorbed in the Supreme Spirit, who even pervades such a subtle entity as the human soul. Its result is that the soul, by coming close to God, is rid of all its impurities, sorrows, and grieves, its nature, attributes and character become pure like those of God Himself. Leaving out other results that accrue from Divine Worship the gain in spiritual strength is such that even the approach of pain or sorrow of the greatest magnitude cannot disturb the mental tranquility of the devotee.

On the other hand, it is most ungrateful and foolish for not showing gratitude for the kindness of that Supreme Spirit who has freely given away all things of this world to his creatures to cease to believe in His very existence.

"All parties must be acquainted with the teachings of each other's religion in order to have a mutual discussion and be freed. If not, they are apt fall into an abyss of superstition and inaccuracies. Divergences arise over doctrines that are false, but should all discuss a subject with the sole aspiration of finding out the truth they can succeed."
Why, when, where, what and to whom?
  • Why were the Vedas revealed?
  • When, to whom and where were they revealed?
  • What was the language of revelation?
  • What proves them divine revelation?
  • What are the Vedas?
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    He revealed all kinds of knowledge, in the four Vedas:-
    1. RIG VEDA
    2. YAJUR VEDA
    3. SAMA VEDA
    4. ATHARVA VEDA

    The four Vedas with over 100,000 verses are considered the trunk of the tree. The Rishis were the authors of eleven hundred and twenty-seven expositions (branches of the tree) in dozens of texts contained sub-Vedas known as the UpaVedas and Vedangas which expound profound sciences:-

    1. AYUR VEDA - studies the anatomy, physiology, hygiene, sanitary science, surgery, etc.
    2. DHANUR VEDA - teaches archery and other Military Science for self-defense from within and outside.
    3. GHANDARVA VEDA - teaches the science and art of music
    4. STHAPATYA VEDA- teaches engineering, architecture and all branches of mathematics in general.

    All these subjects are considered spiritual studies and are inherent parts of the Vedas. The Vedangas contains grammar, (etemology) prosody, astronomy and lexicography which according to the Indian Cultural conceptions are also parts and subjects of the Vedic religious studies. There are many other philosophical branches like the eleven Upanishads (Isha, Kena, Taitreya, Chhandogya, Shwetar, Mundak, etc), the six Shastras or Darshanas and the four Brahmanas. Also, the Manu Smriti deals with the physical, political and social systems of Government all according to Vedic principles.

    The most advanced scientific world would have wasted much time, energy and money in solving tough mathematical problems with utmost difficulty. The large number of tedious and combersome steps can now be easily and readily resolved in a few simple steps which can be conscientiously described as mere mental arithmetic. One only needs the help of the ultra easy Vedic Sutras or Mathematical aphorisms contained in the Appendix portion of the Atharva Veda.

    Why were the Vedas revealed?
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    Q.There is no necessity for the Veda to be revealed by God. Men can by themselves by degrees augment their knowledge and thereafter make books as well.

    A. ~ No, they cannot do that, because there can be no effect without a cause. Look at savages such as the Bhils. Do they ever become enlightened by themselves without being instructed by others? The same is true of men in civilized communities, they need to be taught before they become educated. Similarly, had not God instructed the primitive sages in the knowledge of the Veda and had not they in their turn taught other men, all men would have remained ignorant. If a child were kept in a sequestered place from its very birth with no other company but that of illiterate persons or animals, on attaining maturity he would be no better than one of his company.

    Take for example the case of Egypt, Greece, or the Continent of Europe. The people of all these countries were without a trace of learning before the spread of knowledge from India. In the same way before Columbus and other Europeans went to America, the natives had been without any learning for hundreds and thousands of years. Now some of them have become enlightened after receiving education from the Europeans. Similarly, in the beginning of the world men received knowledge from God and since then there have been various learned men in different periods, Says Patanjali in his Yoga Shastra.

    "As in the present time we become enlightened only after being taught by our teachers, so were in the beginning of the world, Agni and the other three Rishis (sages), taught by the greatest of all teachers - God." YOGA SHASTRA SAMADHI, 26.
    His knowledge is eternal. He is quite unlike the human soul that becomes devoid of consciousness in profound sleep and during the period of dissolution. It is certain, therefore, that no effect can be produced without a cause.
    When, to whom and where were they revealed?
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    When: In the beginning (i.e. of every cycle (yuga) of 4,200,000 years, God revealed the four Vedas, Rig, Vayu, Sama, and Atharva

    Where: In Trivishtap - otherwise called Tibet which was part of Arya Varta.

    Note: India and China are the two most populated countries in the world which makes good sense to assume that civilization did begin somewhere between them. Secondly, only South Asians (Indians) and no other race (white or blacks), change in complexion and features according to the regions them moved to, thus supporting the rational concept of Indians being the first race created on this planet.

    To whom: Agni, Vayu, A'ditya and Angira, respectively.

    Then Brahma was instructed in the knowledge of the Veda through the medium of the four sages , such as Agni. Mark what Manu Says:

    "In the beginning after human being had been created, the Supreme Spirit made the Vedas known to Brahma through Agni, etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas from Agni, Vayu, A'ditya and Angira." MANU: 23
    Among all men those four alone were purest in heart, therefore, God revealed the true knowledge to them only.
    What was the language of revelation?
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    Q. - Why did He reveal the Veda in Sanskrit instead of a language of some particular country?

    A.~ Had He revealed the Veda in the language of some particular country, He would have been partial to that country, because it would have been easier for the people of that country to learn and teach the Veda than for the foreigners, therefore, it is that He did it in Sanskrit that belongs to no country, and is the mother of all other languages. Just as He has ordained the material creation such as the earth, etc., which is also the source of all the useful arts, for the equal good of all, so should the language of the Divine revelation be accessible to all countries and nations with the same amount of labour. Hence the revelation of the Veda in Sanskrit does not make God partial to any nation.

    Evidence that prove the Vedas to be Divine revelation.
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    Q.What evidence have you to prove that the Veda in Sanskrit is of Divine origin and not the work of man?

    The book in which God is described as He is, viz., Holy, Omniscient, Pure in nature, character and attributes, Just, Merciful, etc., and in which nothing is said that is opposed to the laws of nature, reason, the evidence of direct cognizance, etc., the teachings of the highly learned altruistic teachers of humanity (A'ptas), and the intuition of pure souls, and in which the laws, nature, and properties of matter and the soul are propounded as they are to be inferred from the order of nature as fixed by God, is the book of Divine revelation. Now the Vedas alone fulfil all the above conditions, hence they are the revealed books and not books, like the Bible and the Q'uran which we shall discuss fully in the thirteenth and fourteenth chapters (of this book) respectively.

    What are prayers and who answers them?
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    In whatever endeavour we undertake towards progress of any kind, whether it be spiritual in nature or material prosperity we must be constantly be reminded of our plans if the desire is there to achieve the ultimate goal. So it is, on our journey from one place to another, we must constantly be reminded of the next move or turn (direction) if we must reach the destination planned. In the face of success at the end, you will find that apart from the knowledge pertaining to your personal goal, the result was due to your own ability of constantly reminding yourself and by your own effort or action to get there.

    Prayers are much the same. It is a constant reminder for us to act upon the instructions given by revealed knowledge to better ourselves physically, intellectually and spiritually with the ultimate goal of perpetual happiness. The fact is, God does not answer prayers of any kind (positive or negative), not that He is incapable of answering 6 billion (not including those in the countless solar systems) prayers at a time, but because of His All-blissful nature. It is not in His nature to interrupt that constant state of bliss to intervene over and over in our personal lives at any time. However, it is directed towards Him, since He is the epitome of love, mercy and compassion as being All-wise. In other words, we glorify Him in humility as our nature must confirm to His of truth, consciousness and bliss to experience His state of bliss and without Him we are completely lost to the world of pain and misery, which no one desires.

    Just as how famous people (Tiger Woods - golf, Bill Gates - riches, Abraham Lincoln - politics and Swami Dayanand - spirituality) serve as icons for many who desire fame, so must God be an icon for those who desire emancipation. However, even though millions have the aspirations in their respected fields inspite of their trials and efforts, only a rare few ultimately makes it to fame. It shows, only a few are born with the inclination to succeed and the same goes for ascertaining the truth. But it doesn't mean one must abandon effort to practice virtue, but to continue to strive as hard as one can for a higher birth.

    "There is no turpitude in drinking alcohol, eating flesh or even committing adultery, for that is natural way of created beings, but abstinence brings great rewards." Manu.
    You might ask, how is it possible for Him to abstain from all such activities of prayers and operations when the universe needs an operator to keep it functioning? Just as a plane is put into auto-pilot and only needs a little attention to take off or land, the functions of the universe is much the same. From creation to dissolution, it goes into the auto mode with physical side being automatically controlled by the immutable Laws of Nature and spiritual by the Law of Karma (dispensation of justice), making it possible for God to maintain an All-blissful state at all times.

    When we buy a car or an appliance it comes with a manual, detailing a maintenance schedule, not only for the benefit of a trouble-free use of the equipment for our own joy, but also less bothersome for the Makers to be bombarded or be fatigued with calls in getting it to work properly. In the same way, the Creator of the Universe gave us a manual (revelation) detailing every aspect of bettering our lives and at the same time to protect our environment. In otherwords, the answer we are looking for, is in this manual and our prayers are the constant reminder for us to look there and put the knowledge into action for the good of self first, society, then the rest of humanity and finally the planet. In other-words, prayers only can be of benefit to the individual who prays and it is of no benefit to the immediate situations of others whom he/she sought to pray for.

    In fact, be realistic and take a serious look into the mirror, the image you see is the only 'God' who can answer your prayers.

    Laws and Punishment - Manu
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    If we review the original Manu Smriti, that is based on Vedas, the situation is completely opposite. As per Manu, penal system takes into account the education, social influence, designation, nature of crime and impact of crime while recommending punishments.

    Manu offers greater respect and status to Brahmins – the educated ones. Dwijas or twice born or those who completed their education are provided heightened standing in society so far they conduct noble deeds. But when it comes to crimes, they also have to face more severe punishments. With greater potentials, come greater responsibilities and stricter punishments when one fails to fulfill those responsibilities.

    (Here, I would like to emphasize once again that Brahmin or Dwija has nothing to do with birth. Its all about education.)

    If such a penal code be adopted in our nation, bulk of the crimes and corruptions would cease to exist and politics will become a field where any Tom, Dick or Harry does not dare to enter and pollute like it is happening today.

    For a more detailed coverage, please refer Chapter 6 of Satyarth Prakash or Light of Truth by Swami Dayanand Saraswati

    Also review Chapter 8,9 and 10 of Manu Smriti edited by Dr Surendra Kumar (Aarsh Sahitya Prachar Trust, Delhi)

    We reproduce a few shlokas that are relevant in the current discussion. 8.335: Be it the father, mother, teacher, friend, wife, son or priest, one who conducts a crime is punishable by the ruler.

    8.336: When the punishment for an ordinary citizen is 1 cent, the punishment for those in ruling class should be 1000 cents. In other words, the punishment for those in legislation, executive or judiciary should be 1000 times that for ordinary citizens.

    The concept of immunity to MPs and Judges from impeachment and legal framework is shamelessly against Manu Smriti.

    Swami Dayanand adds here – Even a peon in any department of government should have a punishment that is 8 times that for ordinary citizens. And all other office bearers should have a punishment proportionate to their designation till it is 1000 times for the topmost designation. Because unless government officials have a punishment that is significantly harsher compared to ordinary citizens, the government would destroy the public. Just as taming a lion demands harsher control and a goat much lesser control, similarly to ensure safety of public, government officials should have extremely harsh punishments.

    Deviation from this penal code is the root cause of all these corruption stories. Unless this is rectified, all other efforts to transform the nation would fall flat.

    8.337-338: If one conducts a theft willingly and in full senses knowing the implications, he should be penalized 8 times that of ordinary thief if he is a Shudra. The penalty should be 16 times if he is a Vaishya, 32 times if he is a Kshatriya and 64 times if he is a Brahmin. The punishment can be even 100 times or 128 times if he is a Brahmin. In other words, the punishment should be directly proportional to knowledge and social status of the criminal. Thus contrary to popular perceptions, when it comes to punishments, Manu Smriti is most lenient on Shudras because of their lack of education, significantly harsher on Brahmins and harshest on the government officials. In current context, the Prime Minister, Chief Minister, Chief Justice, Leaders of National Political Parties deserve harshest punishments if they do something wrong. The Ministers, MPs, MLAs, Governors, Judges come the next. Then comes the turn of Bureaucrats and Government Officials. And even a peon of a Government Department deserves much harsher punishment compared to ordinary citizens.

    Among ordinary citizens, the educated class and those with influential social status who neglect their duties deserve harsher punishments.
    As we said, with greater responsibilities come greater punishments. This is the real penal system of Manu Smriti.

    And if so-called birth based Brahmins indeed want to claim supremacy over so-called birth-based Shudras, then they should also be ready to accept stricter punishments for themselves. Most birth-based Brahmins do not know about Vedas. Now Manu says that those Brahmins who put efforts in other areas except Vedas are Shudras. Refer 2.168. This is insult to Brahmins. As per fake verses of Manu Smriti, the minimal repentance for harming a Brahmin even verbally is to remain hungry for a day (11.204 as per fake Manu Smriti). Thus, those who claim birth-right to Brahminism based on fake verses of Manu Smriti should remain hungry for at least 64 days continuously unless they are masters of Vedas and completely free of any vices including harsh language! (Punishment for Brahmins is 64 – 128 times that of ordinary mortals).

    You cannot have “Heads I win and Tails you lose”. Either be logical and honest, follow the real Manu Smriti and reject birth-based caste-system totally OR be prepared for a minimum of 64 days hunger strike until you master Vedas. And then continue the strike for another 64 days if you still do not master Vedas in 64 days!

    The bottom line is that birth-based caste system does not even vaguely fit in Manu’s scheme of society. Those who support it or recommend special treatment of birth-based Brahmins in matters of punishments are shamelessly against Manu, Vedas and humanity in general. And as per Manu, such persons who cause harm to society deserve extremely severe punishments.

    The notion of Shudras deserving harsher punishments is simply a hoax. May we all adopt the penal system proposed by Manu Smriti to save the nation from claws of corrupt politicians, judiciary and other pseudo-intellectuals. Manusmriti 7.17-20:

    A powerful and rational penal system (Dand) is the true ruler. Dand is the propagator of Justice. Dand is the discipliner. Dand is the administrator. Dand alone protects the 4 Varnas and 4 Phases of life.
    Dand protects the public and Dand keeps the nation awakened. That is why wise people proclaim that Dand is the Dharma.

    When Dand is used with wisdom and responsibility, it brings prosperity and bliss among public. And when Dand is used recklessly, it destroys the ruler. It seems that time has come that the corrupt leaders and officials are destroyed because they have misused the Dand a bit too much! Its also time that we use Dand to punish those who support birth-based discrimination in any manner.

    This alone can save society, nation and humanity. There is no other way! References: Works of Dr Surendra Kumar, Pt Gangaprasad Updhyaya, and Swami Dayanand Saraswati

    Briefly, the whole truth of our existence
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    "India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace; human speech, the mother of history, grandmother of legend, and great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only." Mark Twain
    Let us begin with what most people in the West know to be a fact - Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. It simply means it is the first religion (5,000 yrs old) which means the concept of God first took root in India. Indians have the first scripture (Vedas), the first language (Sanskrit) and the oldest of all architectures. We are therefore the origin of ethics, morals and all sciences.
    "We owe a lot to Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made." Albert Einstein
    Now we begin with the pure monotheistic truth that existed long before Hinduism.
    Creation of our Solar System: Why, how, where and when it all started. The three causes - the efficient cause, the material cause and the common cause (skill/knowledge, time, space and labour/instrument.)
    1. Nothing in this world can be produced without proper application." Mimansa
    2. "Nothing can be done or made without the expenditure of time." Vaisheshika
    3. "Nothing in this world can be produced without the material cause." Niyaya
    4. "Nothing can be made without the requisite skill, knowledge and thought." Yoga
    5. "Nothing can be made without the definite combination of atoms." Sankhaya
    6. "Nothing can be made without a Maker." Vedanta
    FACT: Creation of the world or anything created by man can never come into being without a maker, material, skill/knowledge, time, space and labour/instrument.
    There are three eternal (without beginning and without end) entities, God (primary efficient cause, Soul, the secondary efficient cause and matter, the material cause. Since God, soul and matter are eternal entities, creation and dissolution have to be an on going eternal process and not one time phenomena.

    WHY:The purpose of creation is two-fold: The Creator gets to exercise His creative energy and souls need to reap their rewards or punishments of previous actions virtuous or sinful.

    The first combination is called the beginning of Creation. This is the joining of the highly subtle, indivisible separately-existing particles called atoms (or more appropriately correct - electrons) derived from the primitive ether. The various combinations of atoms, in different proportions and ways, give rise to various grades and conditions, of subtle and gross matter until it reaches the gross visible multiform stage called the universe. That which brings about the first combination existed before the combination, and shall exist after the component parts are pushed asunder. This is called the Cause. That which comes into existence after the combination, and ceases to exist after it has come to an end is called the Effect. That out of which something is made is called a Cause. Whoever produces an Effect out of a Cause is called the Maker.

    HOW: God energized the subtle Eternal Primordial Matter (Atoms) and the first principle, WISDOM was produced. This reduces matter to one degree less subtler which led to the principle of INDIVIDUALITY. However, it is still less subtler than the five Subtle Entities, optic, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and tactile: (the spiritual senses or the media through which these senses make contact with the soul through the mind).

    This further led to the creation of the principles of SENSATION (hearing, seeing, smell, taste and touch) and the five principles of ACTION (speech, grasp, locomotion, reproduction and excretion) plus the principle of ATTENTION. These are all less subtle by passing through various stages of less subtle conditions of matter (action and reaction) give rise to the five subtle principles (the five elements- inanimate objects of creation) SPACE (MATTER), AIR ( or gas), HEAT (fire or electricity), LIQUIDS, and SOLIDS respectively. The order of dissolution is the reverse. Of these twenty-four, matter in the primitive state is uncreated. After solids come all the formation of the planetary systems which, by the way, is not the only one since space is infinite these systems are infinite also and beyond counting. They then start to rotate and revolve, thus the concept of time began and when the condition of the first region is right for habitation, vegetation and living creatures and then intelligent life forms take hold.

    WHERE: That region was called Trivistaph, now known as Tibet, northern part of Aryavarta which is India today. Thousands of people were created and among the four purest souls were revealed four Vedas, instructions of ethics, morals and all sciences in the language of Sanskrit which were then taught to the rest of the population. These instructions are necessary as physical man is 100% matter and evil is inherent in matter.

    "That condition of matter in which the intellect-promoting, passion-exciting and stupidity-producing qualities are found combined in equal proportions is called the eternal elementary matter." The Light of Truth.
    He revealed all kinds of knowledge, in the four Vedas:-
    • RIG VEDA
    • YAJUR VEDA
    • SAMA VEDA
    • ATHARVA VEDA
    The four Vedas with over 100,000 verses are considered the trunk of the tree. The Rishis were the authors of eleven hundred and twenty-seven expositions (branches of the tree) in dozens of texts contained sub-Vedas known as the UpaVedas and Vedangas which expound profound sciences:-

    AYUR VEDA - studies the anatomy, physiology, hygiene, sanitary science, surgery, etc.
    DHANUR VEDA - teaches archery and other Military Science for self-defense from within and outside.
    GHANDARVA VEDA - teaches the science and art of music
    STHAPATYA VEDA- teaches engineering, architecture and all branches of mathematics in general.

    "Science without religion is lame and religion without science is blind."Albert Einstein
    This Vedic theology is the only one in harmony with science.
    All these subjects are considered spiritual studies and are inherent parts of the Vedas. The Vedangas contains grammar, (ethemology) prosody, astronomy and lexicography which according to the Indian Cultural conceptions are also parts and subjects of the Vedic religious studies. There are many other philosophical branches like the eleven Upanishads (Isha, Kena, Taitreya, Chhandogya, Shwetar, Mundak, etc), the six Shastras or Darshanas and the four Brahmanas. Also, the Manu Smriti deals with the physical, political and social systems of Government all according to Vedic principles.

    The most advanced scientific world would have wasted much time, energy and money in solving tough mathematical problems with utmost difficulty. The large number of tedious and cumbersome steps can now be easily and readily resolved in a few simple steps which can be conscientiously described as mere mental arithmetic. One only needs the help of the ultra easy Vedic Sutras or Mathematical aphorisms contained in the Appendix portion of the Atharva Veda. These souls born in the first age were people of the highest order of intelligence and retentive memory deserving of being created than by sexual union. They absorb the teachings as fast as drinking liquid thus referring to the language as in liquid form.

    Just as a minute starts we know its going last a minute and when an hour begins it will last 60 minutes, a day 24 hours, a week 7 days, a month 4 weeks, a year 12 months and so on, likewise when creation started we (Aryas) know that it will last one thousand Chaturyugas. One Chaturyuga is 4,300,000 years which means the period creation to dissolution is 4.3 billion years.
    One cycle of Chaturyuga is divided into four ages, namely:-
    Sat Yuga - Golden Age ........................1,728,000 years (First age)
    Treta Yuga - Silver Age............................1,296,000 years (Second age)
    Dwapur Yuga - Copper or Bronze Age..........864,000 years (Third age)
    Kaliyuga - Iron Age...................................432,000 years (Fourth age and last age of the cycle).
    At the end of this period, all animate things dissolve into one of the five elements. This is called a minor dissolution which occurs at the end of every cycle period. Whichever one of the elements (heat or fire, liquids and solids) brings it to an end, the next cycle will begin with the next specific element in that order. For example if it ends with fire or heat, it starts with liquids. This present age (Iron age) is 5,860 years old leaving us with 426,140 years before the next Minor Dissolution.

    WHEN: One billion nine hundred and sixty million and eight hundred and fifty two-thousand nine hundred and ninety nine years ago, [1,960,852,975] God created the present creation (this calculation was done in 1875); the same as He did in the past and the same He will do in the future. Two billion three hundred and fifty-nine million, one hundred and forty-seven thousand and one years (2,359,147,001) remains before the next grand dissolution. The period from creation to dissolution is 4,320, 000,000 years. Thus we have Creations and Dissolutions as beginningless as the absolute Causes are beginningless.

    God is All-wise, All-powerful and All-perfect and His nature is Truth (Sat), He is conscious (Chit - knower of all 3 periods of time, past, present and the future) an All-bliss and thus what was revealed is all and perfect. Thus He has no need to intervene any time during creation for any reason whatsoever. Man is fallible and yet we do not change the rules in the middle of a game and He being infallible cannot change the rules anywhere during all of creation.

    There two laws that govern the universe. The laws of nature which are immutable and they apply to all things physical or finite (created). What is finite must come to decay and finally dissolve - progression downwards, a law. Thus anything created by God and man are bound by the laws of nature to decay, die or dissolve. Thus followers or believers as they would like be called, souls, the planets, heaven or paradise, together with false dogmas are all created and cannot last forever.

    The other is the law of karma which applies to the spiritual aspect of life - what you sow that will you reap, no more and no less. So, it is not an injustice that some are born in luxury (happiness) and some in poverty (pain and misery); some in good health (strong) and some physically and mentally infirm (weak); some excel and some struggle; some fair and some dark, etc. It would be an injustice to reward or punish a soul without any past actions of virtue or sin. This means that there is no such things as forgiveness of sins (repentance).

    But activity is superior to destiny!
    Whether it be in the past, present or in the future most understand destiny to be seemingly inevitable succession of events, especially those very painful and that we are powerless to avoid them. Indeed destiny cannot be changed because it has do with only the past. Sins are not forgiven, but present activity of acquiring true knowledge and putting it into practice (yoga), is the only power to cancel them.

    "The misery which is not yet come can and is to be avoided." Yoga 2:16
    Souls which are eternal reside in the atmosphere, void of consciousness, and through the process of reincarnation where the conditions are right, they are embodied according their actions virtuous or sinful. This must be clear the embodied soul is conscious but when it leaves the physical body (death) it becomes unconscious again. Thus it leaves bearing no memory of its past embodiment. Their sole purpose as intelligent beings is the elevation of soul, through given Divine instructions, to a higher birth and finally emancipation. Neither emancipation nor punishment (hell) is permanent, although the souls are without beginning and without ending, their actions are finite.

    Satyuga or the Golden Age
    Souls embodied in the first age of Satyuga are of the highest inclination which is the reward for strenuous effort in study and practice, in a past life. They are imbued in so much purity and innocence that it requires none or very minimal effort for emancipation. There was perfect harmony between man and the animal kingdom centred in one small region on planet earth. During this period there is One God - OM; one Vedic Dharma; one revelation - VEDAS; one race - ARYA and one method of worship. This heavenly period on earth lasted for the period of 1, 728,000 years. It is the longest age because in perpetual happiness time flies.

    Tretayuga or the Silver Age
    Now the decline begins, from the self-realized state of the intellect man became inquisitive which give birth to inquiry through logic and reasoning. Just as there were Rishis to teach in the first age there were Rishis who wrote books of logic and reason to accommodate the fallen state of the intellect. This age saw the introduction of the caste system, Brahman (wisemen or teachers), Kshatriyas (security), Vice (Merchants) and Shudra's (labourers). Anyone, depending on his/her effort can become member of any caste and in the same way of no effort can fall from the highest to the lowest.

    The Caste system is not a means of discrediting or degrading a particular class or race of people but to uplift them. The four classes came to exist by reason of the diversity of men’s occupations or professions. For example, the teachers of science of divinity came to be called “Brahmans;” the conductors of military affairs, “Kshatryas;” the traders in commodities, “Vaishyas;” and menial servants, “Shudras.”

    He is not a Brahman, who follows the profession of arms, and so forth, with the rest. Thus the classification of men into castes is based upon their callings and not, as is now regarded, upon birth. Hereditary castes, irrespective of professions, came into existence after the Great War.

    The true meaning of the Vedic text, divested of the metaphor which has given rise to such absurd notions is, that men versed in Divine Knowledge and in Sciences hold the same position in the society of God’s creatures as the head does in the structure of the body, - that is to say, they are the foremost of men by virtue of their superiority in knowledge. In like manner, the origin of the other Classes may be explained away. A low caste can rise (by study and practice) to a high class and one of a high caste can also fall to through negligence to a low caste. The caste system high or low is not a birthright.

    Most of this age, which lasted 1, 296, 000 years , more of study and effort were required and in the late stage many started to doubt which gave birth to the Anaryas. So now we had two races Aryas, who maintained a strict method of reasoning and Anaryas (non-Aryas) who were slowly becoming more curious and adventurous. Thus the civilization started to expand into different regions but keep in mind it was all slow and gradual as creation was, but there was still one dharma and one Scripture.

    Dwapuryuga or Bronze Age
    The fall continues into the third age, which lasted 864, 000 years, where logic and reasoning were abandoned for rituals (yajna). This gave birth to the performance of Agni hotra or homa where satsang (gathering in large numbers to hear preaching of the Vedas). This was done worldwide as the population grew the environment become more and more polluted and agni hotra was the system that offered the cure.

    Q.- Is the non-performance of homa, a sin?

    "Yes, the amount of suffering, a man inflicts on his fellow-beings by polluting the air, and water with the waste products of his system and consequently bringing on disease, becomes the measure of his sin, to atone for which it becomes incumbent on him to perform Homa and thereby purify air and water to an extent, equal to, or greater than the mischief he has done." Light of Truth

    "I hold that the performance of yajna is most commendable. It consists in showing due respect to the wise, and the learned, in the proper application of the principles of chemistry and physical and mechanical sciences to the affairs of life, in the dissemination of knowledge and culture, in the performance of Agnihotra which, by contributing to the purification of air and water, rain and vegetables, directly promotes the well-being of all sentient creatures." Swami Dayanand Until this age, even though they were many more races in more countries, it is still one dharma and one Scripture, the Vedas

    Kaliyuga or Iron Age
    The last age is the shortest period ( 432,000 years) of all the ages and the most painful because man has fallen to the lowest state (static) of the intellect. Even rituals of the last age has been abandoned and its place mythology grew, giving birth to religion of many forms. It is the age of mainly aesthetics - arts, music, poetry and many many more of material attractions, wars and famine. Greed and corruption has become the way of life. The huge efforts of philanthropy, religion, science and political governance have failed to find a solution for global warming, population explosion, wars and famine, poverty and destitution, diseases, natural calamities, greed, corruption and the worst of all miseries - BOREDOM.
    "If there should be a conference among the most imaginative minds they will agree that almost all institution of learning are only nurseries of prejudice, corruption, barbarism and pedantry."
    In spite of it all, the end of creation will not be at our hands because dissolution (minor) has a given period so mankind have 326,000 years more of pain and misery to put with. But amidst the period, there will be periods of decadence and retrogression where every 6 to 10, 000 years mankind, through ignorance, will reduce our civilization to a primitive state. Nature, as it always do will do its necessary repair where civilization will again strive to become somewhat civilized again. One would think all is lost when it comes to the last age but it is not so. The rishis through this Chaturyuga have come and left their teachings and this age is no exception. The objective is that we in our fallen state can never fathom the meaning of the mantras, but the Rishis can. The light of truth is the work of the last Rishi who brought the meaning of the Vedic wisdom to it lowest level where we have a chance to embark on this journey to lift the soul into a higher realm in seeking birth into a better condition (higher age) and all that is required is strenuous and persistent effort.
    "There is no turpitude in drinking wine, eating meat or committing adultery, for that is the natural way of created beings, but abstaining bring great reward." Manu
    If not, the decline for the soul will continue to face the painful wrath of the rest of Kaliyug. Souls condemned to serve creation, this creation and future ones as vegetation and all sentient creatures are a result of evil practices through ignorance.
    "The sin of worshipping a false God is equal to the commission of thousand crimes." Light of Truth.
    So what would be the position of the human soul now that we have fallen so low that even the performance of rituals (agni hotra or homa) is like a tiny drop in the combined vast oceans?
    The rise of the human soul, without any doubt, is individual. Virtue practice in ignorance is still ignorance which relegates the soul to a continuous painful state of subhuman conditions. Lower than that is life upon life of enormous fear as any other sentient living creatures on this planet and vegetation. Yes, even a plant has a soul. In fact anything that grows has a soul.

    The rise of the human soul again: Practice of rituals while abstaining from meat, alcohol, etc. guarantee an exemplary human birth again. The development of the intellect through the process of reasoning guarantees a higher birth and when it is guided with correct knowledge it is still yet a higher birth in admirable conditions to continue on to emancipation.

    Emancipation of the soul is not permanent either, even though the soul is eternal, for its actions are finite and finite actions cannot reap eternal punishment or bliss. But emancipation which is freedom from birth and death (bondage) is for a very long, long period of time (trillions and trillions of years). So there it is, the cycle of creation and dissolution and births and rebirths of souls, is an eternal phenomena.
    Keep this in mind through out your earthly life, when you depart (die) all memories of this present life dies and the next life is a new beginning, just as this one was for all living entity on this planet.

    Truth when you claim to have it, must account for all three periods of time, PAST, before this creation, PRESENT creation and FUTURE creation.
    That' s it! Anything else that teaches you otherwise is totally false.

    "Knowledge alone is the inexhaustible treasure; the more you spend it, the more it grows. All other treasures run out by spending, and the claimants inherit their shares as well. Thieves cannot steal this treasure, nor, can anyone inherit it." The Light of Truth

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